Presented by Marylebone Cricket Club, the official Laws of Cricket app. This app contains: The full laws of the game of cricket. - Detailed interpretation guides. Cricket Rules: All about cricket rules (English Edition) eBook: Aim Ain, C: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop. Der MCC gibt die Laws of Cricket heraus, die in 42 Regeln den Ablauf des Spieles festlegen. Spieler und Offizielle. Eine Cricketmannschaft besteht aus elf.
Cricket Rules Quiz2. Der Deutsche Cricket Bund möchte seine Verantwortung zur Bereitstellung eingehender. Informationen wahrnehmen und freut sich, die MCC Laws of Cricket. Cricket Rules: All about cricket rules (English Edition) eBook: Aim Ain, C: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop. Die Laws of Cricket sind die vom Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) herausgegeben Cricketregeln, die weltweit die Grundlage für die Sportart Cricket bilden.
Cricket Rules Players & Equipment VideoHow to play Cricket - Rules of Cricket A ball can be a no-ball for several reasons: if the bowler bowls from the wrong place; or if he straightens his elbow during the delivery; or if the bowling is dangerous; or if the ball bounces more than once or rolls along the ground before reaching the batsman; or if the fielders are standing in illegal places. The captain is often Cricket Rules most experienced player in Crafting Spiele Kostenlos team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsmana bowler or a wicket-keeper. In a match between Chertsey and Hambledon at Permainan Meja Burwaythe Chertsey all-rounder Thomas White used a bat that was the width of the wicket. If the actions Casino Rama Map the non-striker prevent Tsg DГјlmen catch taking place, then the striker is out. Cricket Rules Photo credit: Prescott Pym (source) Cricket is a sport that has been tracked back to the early 16th century and has been a popular ever since. The pinnacle of the international game comes in the form of the Cricket World Cup. Like all great world sports, cricket is a very simple game when you break it down. One player will throw a ball while another tries to hit it. However, like all sports, there are a set of rules to play by that you must learn. There is also specific terminology that can be complicated and very confusing. Cricket has close historical ties with Australian rules football and many players have competed at top levels in both sports. In , prominent Australian cricketer Tom Wills called for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with "a code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during the off-season. Cricket is a complicated game and can last anywhere from several hours to several days. It is a very old game that has been around for over years. Although the general concept of cricket is vaguely similar to baseball, the rules are completely different. The Laws of Cricket is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket worldwide. The earliest known code was drafted in and, since , it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. In der Mitte des Spielfeldes befindet sich ein besonders präparierter, 20,12 Meter 22 Tipico Em Quoten langer und 3,05 Meter 10 feet breiter Streifen Euro Casino Gratis die so Salitos Cerveza Pitch. Speed up your math! Ist das Over abgeschlossen, übernimmt ein anderer Bowler der Feldmannschaft und bowlt sein Over von der anderen Seite des Pitches.
As illustrated above, the pitch is marked at each end with four white painted lines: a bowling crease , a popping crease and two return creases. The three stumps are aligned centrally on the bowling crease, which is eight feet eight inches long.
The popping crease is drawn four feet in front of the bowling crease and parallel to it; although it is drawn as a twelve-foot line six feet either side of the wicket , it is, in fact, unlimited in length.
The return creases are drawn at right angles to the popping crease so that they intersect the ends of the bowling crease; each return crease is drawn as an eight-foot line, so that it extends four feet behind the bowling crease, but is also, in fact, unlimited in length.
Before a match begins, the team captains who are also players toss a coin to decide which team will bat first and so take the first innings. A match with four scheduled innings is played over three to five days; a match with two scheduled innings is usually completed in a single day.
The exception to this is if a batsman has any type of illness or injury restricting his or her ability to run, in this case the batsman is allowed a runner who can run between the wickets when the batsman hits a scoring run or runs,  though this does not apply in international cricket.
The main objective of each team is to score more runs than their opponents but, in some forms of cricket, it is also necessary to dismiss all of the opposition batsmen in their final innings in order to win the match, which would otherwise be drawn.
If the team that bats last scores enough runs to win, it is said to have "won by n wickets", where n is the number of wickets left to fall. For example, a team that passes its opponents' total having lost six wickets i.
In a two-innings-a-side match, one team's combined first and second innings total may be less than the other side's first innings total.
The team with the greater score is then said to have "won by an innings and n runs", and does not need to bat again: n is the difference between the two teams' aggregate scores.
If the team batting last is all out, and both sides have scored the same number of runs, then the match is a tie ; this result is quite rare in matches of two innings a side with only 62 happening in first-class matches from the earliest known instance in until January In the traditional form of the game, if the time allotted for the match expires before either side can win, then the game is declared a draw.
If the match has only a single innings per side, then a maximum number of overs applies to each innings. Such a match is called a " limited overs " or "one-day" match, and the side scoring more runs wins regardless of the number of wickets lost, so that a draw cannot occur.
If this kind of match is temporarily interrupted by bad weather, then a complex mathematical formula, known as the Duckworth—Lewis—Stern method after its developers, is often used to recalculate a new target score.
A one-day match can also be declared a "no-result" if fewer than a previously agreed number of overs have been bowled by either team, in circumstances that make normal resumption of play impossible; for example, wet weather.
In all forms of cricket, the umpires can abandon the match if bad light or rain makes it impossible to continue.
The innings ending with 's' in both singular and plural form is the term used for each phase of play during a match.
Depending on the type of match being played, each team has either one or two innings. Sometimes all eleven members of the batting side take a turn to bat but, for various reasons, an innings can end before they have all done so.
The innings terminates if the batting team is "all out", a term defined by the Laws: "at the fall of a wicket or the retirement of a batsman, further balls remain to be bowled but no further batsman is available to come in".
An innings may end early while there are still two not out batsmen: . The Laws state that, throughout an innings, "the ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls".
At this point, another bowler is deployed at the other end, and the fielding side changes ends while the batsmen do not. A bowler cannot bowl two successive overs, although a bowler can and usually does bowl alternate overs, from the same end, for several overs which are termed a "spell".
The batsmen do not change ends at the end of the over, and so the one who was non-striker is now the striker and vice versa. The umpires also change positions so that the one who was at "square leg" now stands behind the wicket at the non-striker's end and vice versa.
Protective clothing includes pads designed to protect the knees and shins , batting gloves or wicket-keeper's gloves for the hands, a safety helmet for the head and a box for male players inside the trousers to protect the crotch area.
The only fielders allowed to wear protective gear are those in positions very close to the batsman i. Subject to certain variations, on-field clothing generally includes a collared shirt with short or long sleeves; long trousers; woolen pullover if needed ; cricket cap for fielding or a safety helmet; and spiked shoes or boots to increase traction.
The kit is traditionally all white and this remains the case in Test and first-class cricket but, in limited overs cricket, team colours are worn instead.
White balls are mainly used in limited overs cricket , especially in matches played at night, under floodlights left.
The essence of the sport is that a bowler delivers i. The bat is made of wood, usually salix alba white willow , and has the shape of a blade topped by a cylindrical handle.
The blade must not be more than 4. The ball has a "seam": six rows of stitches attaching the leather shell of the ball to the string and cork interior.
The seam on a new ball is prominent and helps the bowler propel it in a less predictable manner. During matches, the quality of the ball deteriorates to a point where it is no longer usable; during the course of this deterioration, its behaviour in flight will change and can influence the outcome of the match.
Players will, therefore, attempt to modify the ball's behaviour by modifying its physical properties. Polishing the ball and wetting it with sweat or saliva is legal, even when the polishing is deliberately done on one side only to increase the ball's swing through the air , but the acts of rubbing other substances into the ball, scratching the surface or picking at the seam are illegal ball tampering.
During normal play, thirteen players and two umpires are on the field. Two of the players are batsmen and the rest are all eleven members of the fielding team.
The other nine players in the batting team are off the field in the pavilion. The image with overlay below shows what is happening when a ball is being bowled and which of the personnel are on or close to the pitch.
One of the two umpires 1; wearing white hat is stationed behind the wicket 2 at the bowler's 4 end of the pitch. The bowler 4 is bowling the ball 5 from his end of the pitch to the batsman 8 at the other end who is called the "striker".
The other batsman 3 at the bowling end is called the "non-striker". The wicket-keeper 10 , who is a specialist, is positioned behind the striker's wicket 9 and behind him stands one of the fielders in a position called " first slip " While the bowler and the first slip are wearing conventional kit only, the two batsmen and the wicket-keeper are wearing protective gear including safety helmets, padded gloves and leg guards pads.
While the umpire 1 in shot stands at the bowler's end of the pitch, his colleague stands in the outfield, usually in or near the fielding position called " square leg ", so that he is in line with the popping crease 7 at the striker's end of the pitch.
The bowling crease not numbered is the one on which the wicket is located between the return creases The bowler 4 intends to hit the wicket 9 with the ball 5 or, at least, to prevent the striker 8 from scoring runs.
The striker 8 intends, by using his bat, to defend his wicket and, if possible, to hit the ball away from the pitch in order to score runs.
Some players are skilled in both batting and bowling, or as either or these as well as wicket-keeping, so are termed all-rounders.
Bowlers are classified according to their style, generally as fast bowlers , seam bowlers or spinners. Batsmen are classified according to whether they are right-handed or left-handed.
Of the eleven fielders, three are in shot in the image above. The other eight are elsewhere on the field, their positions determined on a tactical basis by the captain or the bowler.
Fielders often change position between deliveries, again as directed by the captain or bowler. If a fielder is injured or becomes ill during a match, a substitute is allowed to field instead of him, but the substitute cannot bowl or act as a captain, except in the case of concussion substitutes in international cricket.
Most bowlers are considered specialists in that they are selected for the team because of their skill as a bowler, although some are all-rounders and even specialist batsmen bowl occasionally.
The specialists bowl several times during an innings but may not bowl two overs consecutively. If the captain wants a bowler to "change ends", another bowler must temporarily fill in so that the change is not immediate.
A bowler reaches his delivery stride by means of a "run-up" and an over is deemed to have begun when the bowler starts his run-up for the first delivery of that over, the ball then being "in play".
This type of delivery can deceive a batsman into miscuing his shot, for example, so that the ball just touches the edge of the bat and can then be "caught behind" by the wicket-keeper or a slip fielder.
A spinner will often "buy his wicket" by "tossing one up" in a slower, steeper parabolic path to lure the batsman into making a poor shot.
The batsman has to be very wary of such deliveries as they are often "flighted" or spun so that the ball will not behave quite as he expects and he could be "trapped" into getting himself out.
There are ten ways in which a batsman can be dismissed: five relatively common and five extremely rare. The common forms of dismissal are bowled ,  caught ,  leg before wicket lbw ,  run out  and stumped.
If the batsman is out, the umpire raises a forefinger and says "Out! Batsmen take turns to bat via a batting order which is decided beforehand by the team captain and presented to the umpires, though the order remains flexible when the captain officially nominates the team.
In order to begin batting the batsman first adopts a batting stance. Standardly, this involves adopting a slight crouch with the feet pointing across the front of the wicket, looking in the direction of the bowler, and holding the bat so it passes over the feet and so its tip can rest on the ground near to the toes of the back foot.
A skilled batsman can use a wide array of "shots" or "strokes" in both defensive and attacking mode.
The idea is to hit the ball to the best effect with the flat surface of the bat's blade. If the ball touches the side of the bat it is called an " edge ".
The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper. Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat.
Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.
A wide variety of shots are played, the batsman's repertoire including strokes named according to the style of swing and the direction aimed: e.
The batsman on strike i. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run.
Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. The decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress, and this is communicated by calling: usually "yes", "no" or "wait".
More than one run can be scored from a single hit: hits worth one to three runs are common, but the size of the field is such that it is usually difficult to run four or more.
In these cases the batsmen do not need to run. If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.
Only the striker can score individual runs, but all runs are added to the team's total. Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side.
This is achieved in four ways: no-ball , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he breaks the rules;  wide , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he bowls so that the ball is out of the batsman's reach;  bye , an extra awarded if the batsman misses the ball and it goes past the wicket-keeper and gives the batsmen time to run in the conventional way;  leg bye , as for a bye except that the ball has hit the batsman's body, though not his bat.
The captain is often the most experienced player in the team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsman , a bowler or a wicket-keeper.
Within the Laws, the captain has certain responsibilities in terms of nominating his players to the umpires before the match and ensuring that his players conduct themselves "within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws".
The wicket-keeper sometimes called simply the "keeper" is a specialist fielder subject to various rules within the Laws about his equipment and demeanour.
He is the only member of the fielding side who can effect a stumping and is the only one permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.
Generally, a team will include five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers, plus the wicket-keeper.
The game on the field is regulated by the two umpires , one of whom stands behind the wicket at the bowler's end, the other in a position called "square leg" which is about 15—20 metres away from the batsman on strike and in line with the popping crease on which he is taking guard.
The umpires have several responsibilities including adjudication on whether a ball has been correctly bowled i. The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.
Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence.
Law The over. An over consists of six balls bowled, excluding wides and no-balls. Consecutive overs are delivered from opposite ends of the pitch.
A bowler may not bowl two consecutive overs. Law Scoring runs. Runs are scored when the two batsmen run to each other's end of the pitch.
Several runs can be scored from one ball. Law Boundaries. A boundary is marked around the edge of the field of play. If the ball is hit into or past this boundary, four runs are scored, or six runs if the ball doesn't hit the ground before crossing the boundary.
Law Dead ball. The ball comes into play when the bowler begins his run up, and becomes dead when all the action from that ball is over. Once the ball is dead, no runs can be scored and no batsmen can be dismissed.
The ball becomes dead for a number of reasons, most commonly when a batsman is dismissed, when a boundary is hit, or when the ball has finally settled with the bowler or wicketkeeper.
Law No ball. A ball can be a no-ball for several reasons: if the bowler bowls from the wrong place; or if he straightens his elbow during the delivery; or if the bowling is dangerous; or if the ball bounces more than once or rolls along the ground before reaching the batsman; or if the fielders are standing in illegal places.
A no-ball adds one run to the batting team's score, in addition to any other runs which are scored off it, and the batsman can't be dismissed off a no-ball except by being run out, hitting the ball twice, or obstructing the field.
Law Wide ball. An umpire calls a ball "wide" if, in his or her opinion, the ball is so wide of the batsman and the wicket that he could not hit it with the bat playing a normal cricket shot.
A wide adds one run to the batting team's score, in addition to any other runs which are scored off it, and the batsman can't be dismissed off a wide except by being run out or stumped, by hitting his wicket, or obstructing the field.
Law Bye and leg bye. If a ball that is not a wide passes the striker and runs are scored, they are called byes.
If a ball hits the striker but not the bat and runs are scored, they are called leg-byes. However, leg-byes cannot be scored if the striker is neither attempting a stroke nor trying to avoid being hit.
Byes and leg-byes are credited to the team's but not the batsman's total. Law Fielders' absence; Substitutes. In cricket, a substitute may be brought on for an injured fielder.
However, a substitute may not bat, bowl or act as captain. The original player may return if he has recovered. Law Batsman's innings ; Runners A batsman who becomes unable to run may have a runner, who completes the runs while the batsman continues batting.
The use of runners is not permitted in international cricket under the current playing conditions. Alternatively, a batsman may retire hurt or ill, and may return later to resume his innings if he recovers.
Law Practice on the field. There may be no batting or bowling practice on the pitch during the match.
Practice is permitted on the outfield during the intervals and before the day's play starts and after the day's play has ended.
Bowlers may only practice bowling and have trial run-ups if the umpires are of the view that it would waste no time and does not damage the ball or the pitch.
Law The wicket-keeper. The keeper is a designated player from the bowling side allowed to stand behind the stumps of the batsman.
They are the only fielder allowed to wear gloves and external leg guards. Law The fielder. A fielder is any of the eleven cricketers from the bowling side.
Fielders are positioned to field the ball, to stop runs and boundaries, and to get batsmen out by catching or running them out. Law The wicket is down.
Several methods of dismissal occur when the wicket is put down. This means that the wicket is hit by the ball, or the batsman, or the hand in which a fielder is holding the ball, and at least one bail is removed; if both bails have already been previously removed, one stump must be removed from the ground.
The batsmen can be run out or stumped if they are out of their ground. A batsman is in his ground if any part of him or his bat is on the ground behind the popping crease.
If both batsman are in the middle of the pitch when a wicket is put down, the batsman closer to that end is out.
Law Appeals. If the fielders believe a batsman is out, they may ask the umpire "How's That? The umpire then decides whether the batsman is out.
Strictly speaking, the fielding side must appeal for all dismissals, including obvious ones such as bowled.
However, a batsman who is obviously out will normally leave the pitch without waiting for an appeal or a decision from the umpire. Laws 32 to 40 discuss the various ways a batsman may be dismissed.
In addition to these 9 methods, a batsman may retire out, which is covered in Law Of these, caught is generally the most common, followed by bowled, leg before wicket, run out and stumped.
The other forms of dismissal are very rare. Law Bowled. A batsman is out if his wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler. It is irrelevant whether the ball has touched the bat, glove, or any part of the batsman before going on to put down the wicket, though it may not touch another player or an umpire before doing so.
There are three variations of the game Test, One Day and Twenty 20 and each give a certain timescale in which the game must be completed.
To score a run you need to hit the ball with a cricket bat made from wood usually English willow or Kashmir. Whilst one team bats the other bowls and fields.
The aim is to bowl the opposing team out for as few runs as possible or restrict them to as few runs in the allocated time. After a team has lost all their wickets or the allotted time has expired then the teams will switch roles.
Each team consists of 11 players. These eleven players will have varying roles in the team from batsmen, bowlers, fielders and wicket keepers.
Another key difference between test cricket and other forms of cricket is the length of the innings.
In test cricket there is no limit to the innings length. The only limits in test cricket is a 5 day length. Before the game begins an official will toss a coin.
The captain who guesses the correct side of the coin will then choose if they want to bat or field first. Although there are eleven people in each team only ten people need to be bowled out as you cannot have one person batting alone.
Batting is done in pairs. Once the first team has been bowled out the second team would then go into bat. Once the second team is then bowled out it would normally return to the first team batting again.
However there is an exception to this in the cricket rules, it is called the follow-on. The follow-on is when the first team makes at least runs more than the second team made in a 5 day test match.
This then gives the first team the option to make the second team bat again.Die Laws of Cricket sind die vom Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) herausgegeben Cricketregeln, die weltweit die Grundlage für die Sportart Cricket bilden. Der MCC gibt die Laws of Cricket heraus, die in 42 Regeln den Ablauf des Spieles festlegen. Spieler und Offizielle. Eine Cricketmannschaft besteht aus elf. The cricket rules displayed on this page here are for the traditional form of cricket which is called "Test Cricket". However there are other formats of the game eg. Cricket Rules: All about cricket rules (English Edition) eBook: Aim Ain, C: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop.